Centifolia Roses



Centifolia Roses

     Centifolia roses seem to have originated early in the seventeenth century by Dutch breeders. Rosarians believe that they are a mix of about 6 different species of roses. Centifolia roses, which literally mean, “one hundred-leaved” were frequently used by Old Dutch and Flemish masters in their paintings. Also known as the cabbage rose, they have huge, richly fragrant blooms in shades of crimson, pink, and white that appears once a year in late spring or early summer. Ranging in height from 3 to 7 feet, they are a lax and thorny shrub with long arching canes that bend downwards with the heavy weight of the blooms. They can be susceptible to powdery mildew.

    Examples of Centifolia roses:
    • Fantin Latour
    • Petite de Hollande
Moss Roses

     A close relative of the Centifolia rose is the Moss rose. Resulting from a mutation around 1700 they are similar to Centifolias in their lanky growth and flowering habit. However, they have a unique characteristic that sets them apart from all other roses. Covering the stems, sepals and calyx of the rose is a sticky and fragrant moss-like substance. This mutation was hybridized and many new varieties were introduced. They bloom once in early summer and come in shades of white, pink, red and purple. Moss roses should be pruned back by 1/2 after flowering.

    Examples of Moss roses:
    • William Lobb
    • Salet
    • Mousseline
    • Henri Martin
Portland Roses

     The Portland Rose resulted from a cross between a China rose and the Autumn Damask Rose. It was this crossing that gave the Portland Rose the distinction of being the first family of roses that had a repeat flowering habit. Portlands opened the door to the hybridization of modern roses. They have a bushy, upright and compact growth habit of about 4 feet, with characteristically short-stemmed fragrant blooms. They are the perfect size for today’s smaller garden. Similar in many ways to the Bourbons, they are not quite as vigorous, but are more floriferous with darker and richer colored blooms. They are summer flowering and like to be pruned back by about 1/2 in the spring to encourage heavier blooming.

    Examples of Portland roses:
    • Comte de Chambourd
    • Rose de Rescht
    • Jacques Cartier
    • The Portland Rosee
Bourbon Roses

     Bourbon roses were very popular in the early nineteenth century. They originated from a small island in the Indian Ocean called Ile de Bourbon, and were first brought back to France about 1819. Rosarians believe the first Bourbon rose to be the result of a natural cross between R.chinensis and a variety of R.damascena. Bourbons have a tall, open and vigorous growth habit reaching heights of 6 feet or more. A profuse bloomer in the late spring and early summer, they boast large, old fashioned and very fragrant blooms in shades of white, pink, red and purple. Bourbons appreciate some support to show off their beautiful flowers. Some are repeat flowering until the autumn. They have a tendency to winter tenderness and pruning and fertilizing is especially important for them to look their very best. Bourbons should be pruned back by 1/3 after the first blooming to encourage a second flush of blooms.

    Examples of Bourbon roses:
    • Louise Odier
    • Souvenier de la Malmaison
    • Boule de Neige
    • Boubon Queen
    • Madame Pierre Oger
    • Reine Victoria

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